Iran's View » Supreme Leader http://www.iransview.com The Persian Prespective Mon, 16 Oct 2017 21:56:46 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.9.20 Iran, US and Clash of Values’ Dilemmahttp://www.iransview.com/iran-us-and-clash-of-values-dilemma/1637/ http://www.iransview.com/iran-us-and-clash-of-values-dilemma/1637/#comments Fri, 12 Feb 2016 12:28:28 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1637 By: Sonia Mansour Robaey * 1. Values and the West’s double standards approach to ethical pluralism. Ethical pluralism is focused on individual preferences in modern pluralistic societies.  It does not dictate what is ethical or what is not.  It only creates a space for rational dialogue on the diversity of values aimed at reaching a consensus […]

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U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (left) and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif walk in sideline of nuclear talks in Geneva.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (left) and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif walk in sideline of nuclear talks in Geneva.

By: Sonia Mansour Robaey *

1. Values and the West’s double standards approach to ethical pluralism.

Ethical pluralism is focused on individual preferences in modern pluralistic societies.  It does not dictate what is ethical or what is not.  It only creates a space for rational dialogue on the diversity of values aimed at reaching a consensus within the limits of reason.  Ethical pluralism is practised in West for controversial moral issues like abortion, gay rights and Euthanasia.  Although laws are legislated on these issues in some western countries, in many cases they do not constrain those who oppose them to live by them.  It is believed that ethical pluralsim creates more tolerance and more freedoms for the individual.  The essence of ethical pluralism is that moral codes cannot be forced, they emerge by consensus through a rational discourse and dialogue on values.   Ethical pluralism represents the culmination of many centuries of western thinking in political Philosophy, moral Philosophy and Ethics.  Ethical pluralism in western democracies is assumed for example in Jürgen Habermas’ ‘Discourse ethics’ where, within western societies, ethical diversity and pluralism require a commitment to rational discourse and dialogue. 

However,  wide dialogue, based on rational discourse and leading to consensus on moral values in western societies, is denied by the West to others when advancing its own set of values in non-western societies,

As such, western moral values, having emerged by consensus, are forced on other cultures and societies who did not participate in the rational discourse leading to a consensus on these values.  Another difficulty in implementing western moral values in most non-western societies is related on the status of the self in society.  Most non-western moral values are anchored, not in individual preferences, but in community norms, elders’ wisdoms and local laws, which ancient Greeks used to call ‘nomos’.   In non-western societies, core values are transmitted between generations where intergenerational dialogue and closeness are strong, contrary to western societies.  They are not discussed in the public sphere where they play a cohesive role in which the individual self identifies more with the community than with the ego.

There is a tension in the West’s approach to values which allows the individual a greater space of liberty within western societies but denies this liberty to individuals in other societies attached to their traditions and the norms of their communities.  In fact, there is a faulty assumption in West that the individual Self in non-western societies is modeled on the western Self, despite historical and cultural differences.  This tension has become palpable with the advent of the globalization of markets, cultures and ideas.  The West stands as the promoter of one set of values, its own, over others, without regard to context, History, and culture.   The West’s hegemonic approach to values is being tackled differently in non-western cultures, either by total assimilation, peaceful but active resistance, distrust and retreat, or violent resentful extremism directed against the West in the case of Sunni Islam.  Colonialism was built on the assumption that the colonized were different in humanity while globalization is built on the assumption that ‘there is no such thing as society’, only individuals exist, as Margaret Thatcher famously said.  Both colonialism and globalism approach non-western cultures with models of the individual self-forged in West and imposed on non-westerners, incompatible with many cultural and religious identities.

Ethical pluralism then, although unequally practiced by West, is not part of the relations the West establishes with other societies, where it is assumed that only individuals exist and that they must consume the product of the ethical consensus built by other individuals in West.  Since 911, as the assumption grew for a ‘clash of civilisations’,  there was an upsurge in this approach and the forcing of western values through military campaigns, invasions and occupations preceded and followed by violent backlashes from extremist fundamentalists.  Post 911, international relations have become a domain of confrontations thought to be confrontations of civilisations and values.

2. A broken dialogue on values feeds terrorism and simulates for us a ‘clash of civilisations’

Many Muslims today live in communities, societies and countries which emphasize traditional values and the supremacy of the community over the individual.   Although Muslims are not the only ones who live in traditions which are antagonists to western values, they are currently the main culture and religion to react and to be targeted by this confrontation and it is mainly Sunni Muslims who are engaged in this confrontation which has claimed many lives and wrecked many countries and their social fabrics through terrorism and the war on terror.

This is the reason why a dialogue on values is urgently needed between the West and Muslims.  Some in the West as well as in Muslim countries do not believe in the dialogue on values, firmly standing on both sides of the values divide, committed to wars.  But others believe in this dialogue. President Obama articulated his desire for dialogue with Muslims in his Cairo’s discourse early during his first mandate.  But due to many factors, including America’s previous war commitments and voices of confrontation inside his own administration, Obama wasn’t able to act on his Cairo’s discourse. We will never know if Obama was sincere about this dialogue.  But what we know is that he did not blindly follow those who wanted a confrontation to the end with Iran. Recently, Ayatollah Khamenei wrote on his twitter account that Obama wrote him a second letter in 2009 full of affirmative accounts about Iran. Ayatollah Khamenei said he had the intention to reply to the letter but after Obama supported the protests against the government in Iran in 2009 he refrained from doing so.  Obama acted against the voices of confrontation with Iran, but not before the failure of the 2009 colour revolution for regime change.  He finally succeeded in reaching a deal with Iran that, if its implementation is unhindered by more confrontation, should naturally open a dialogue on values between Muslims and the West.

On the Iranian side, the deal reached between Iran and the West silenced the voices of confrontation and opened possibilities to initiate a dialogue between Muslims and the West.  Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was first to open this dialogue on the values of Islam with his two letters to western youth (January 2015 letter and November 2015 letter).  Khamenei’s initiatives came in a context of a renewed wave of Sunni terrorism by ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria), more barbaric and more sectarian than the terrorism witnessed since 911, and threatening this time the Near East, the Levant and Europe.

While the nuclear deal was being worked out between the West and Iran during the year 2015, many terrorist attacks by Sunni Muslim extremists hit Muslim countries, especially Iraq and Syria, as well as Europe.  Most notable were the two attacks in France in 2015, both claimed by ISIS, attracting wide and sustained attention in western media.  ISIS is virulently anti-Iran and anti-Shia.  It promotes a return to the  Sunni Caliphate.  Khamenei’s first letter spoke of a different kind of Islam in an attempt to educate western youth on the real sources of knowledge on Islam, away from the terrible and negative image that was being presented to the West by ISIS.  The letter was deliberately addressed to youth because, as Khamenei argued, dialogue with western leaders was futile since they were the ones promoting the kind of Muslim extremism embodied by ISIS through the stigmatisation of Muslims and the religion of Islam.  There is unwillingness in West, especially among those who fear and stigmatise Islam, to learn about the true religion of Islam and Muslims beyond the terrorists clichés.  Ayatollah Khamenei’s second letter to western youth was published two weeks after the attacks on the Bataclan concert venue in Paris that claimed many youthful lives.  In it, Ayatollah Khamenei chides the West for its double standards towards the victims of terrorism and for the imposition of western culture by force uniformly on Muslim societies.

Learning about the true religion of Islam, lifting the peaceful image of Islam and Muslims against the hateful image propagated by terrorists, finding common ground among differences in values, reaching out to youth, were also the main topics of Obama’s speech, and the first, in an American Mosque in Baltimore On February 3, 2016. Obama’s speech at the Mosque was in many ways a foreign policy speech too in which he condemned sectarian policies implicitly criticising Saudi regional policy. At some point he addressed his critics who say his policy against ISIS is not clear by stating that clarity against terrorists can be found only in countering their message of division, sectarianism and hate.  Obama quoted passages from the Qoran more than once during his speech.  Only two years ago, such a move by Obama, going to a Mosque, delivering directly to Muslims a message of peace and quoting the Qoran, was unthinkable.  What happened between the Cairo speech and the Baltimore Speech?  The hate didn’t stop, the terrorism didn’t stop, the divisions and the confrontations didn’t stop.  To be fair to Obama, the Cairo speech was meant to inaugurate an era of dialogue between the West and Islam, but Obama couldn’t act on this alone, he needed partners among Muslims leaders in the ME.  The Baltimore speech comes after the nuclear deal with Iran, Iran’s participation in the fight against ISIS, and the endless possibilities for finding common ground between the West and Islam these events may produce. Obama also realized that an American Mosque and the Muslim American community are the best place to start this dialogue, not Cairo.  

3. A clash of values is not a clash of civilisations.

Although the lives lost to terrorism in France and the West in general aren’t more precious than other lives taken by blind terrorism elsewhere, the attacks in France and the West create a greater wedge between European and Muslim populations at large, inside and outside, in neighbouring countries around the Meditterranean basin, and beyond in the Asian and African continents where the majority of Muslims live.  While American neocons, who so much wish for the clash of civilizations, rejoice of the increasing wedge between Muslims and non-Muslims far from their own shores separated and shielded from this clash by two oceans, Europe is increasingly becoming the theatre of the clash.   

What is the nature of this clash?  It is important to make a distinction here between the clash of civllizations and the clash of values.  While the clash of civilizations includes also a clash of values, it is about more than values.  The clash of civilisations leads to wars because civilizations aim for self preservation and fight against their annihilation.  The term ‘civilisation’ implies not only values but a geopolitical, economic and military space.  The clash of values can be approached differently and resolved through dialogue.  Even inside western societies there is a clash of values.  This is why western societies practise ethical pluralism.  Values can intersect between two civilizations and common ground can be found amid differences.   Many values evolve from the inside, but also from contacts with other civlizations.  In the ancient times, these contacts were mostly established through wars.  The citizens of ancient Greece considered non-Greeks as barbarians and non-humans because ancient Greece was a ‘closed’ civilisation, that is until the advent of Alexander’s conquests and the Hellenistic period that followed.

The term ‘clash of civilisations’ is greatly misleading.  It implies a geopolitical confrontation.  It is both a testimony to the neocons’ warring agenda as well as to their backward thinking.  Wars aren’t needed today to establish contacts between civilisations or resolve differences in values between civilisations.  Today’s means of communication are many, multi-level, fast and easy. The fall of the former communist bloc countries should have led us to a more cooperative, less confrontational world, militarily speaking.  Instead, the neocons created the clash of civilisations set-up to produce more wars and more confrontations to advance American hegemony in a unipolar world.  With 911 and its aftermath, Sunni Muslim terrorism, initially born out from the collaboration of America’s cold war ideology and Sunni Wahhabism against the former communist bloc, set the scene worldwide for a spectacular and threatening clash of values with humiliations, provocations and blasphemy of religious symbols.  A clash of values enacted amid wars, fear and mongering on the world scene, leading to greater divisions, erasing the common ground between civilisations, fulfilling the ‘clash of civilisations’ prophecy.   

It is Europe and Asia where most people on the planet, and most Muslims live, that are set to take the full impact of this clash being prepared for decades now by the neocons. The neocons’ game in Europe is to treat Europe’s woes resulting from a clash of values between east and west, between  north and south, with more confrontations and wars.  The neocons who are the promoters of the clash of civilisations are the new enemies of the Open Society.

This is the post 911 reality created by the neocons. A world that has every possible tool to make communication and dialogue on many issues, including values, easy and natural, yet is locked in confrontations and wars. As it takes two to dance, the neocons’ project to produce a clash of civilisations is greatly helped by Sunni Muslim resentful extremism and its state sponsors.

Fortunately for us, the majority of Muslims do not want this clash of civilisations which has been hurting Muslim countries and Muslims more than others.  Fortunately for us too, Iran refuses to engage in the clash of civilisations.  Amid the tensions created by 911, Iran has shown the world it can make peace without losing its dignity by not responding to the humiliations and provocations of those who want wars for the sake of wars.  I have argued before that both the nuclear deal and Khamenei’s letter to western youth form a coherent approach by Iran to treat the woes of Islam and show the West that there is an alternative to confrontation with Islam and Muslims through dialogue on values and the respect for the dignity of others.

Those in the West who want a dialogue on values with Muslims to peacefully resolve differences instead of a clash of civilisations and wars can now count on Iran’s leadership.   A dialogue on values can be much more enriching than the forcing of western values on Muslim societies.  A dialogue on values doesn’t and shouldn’t end by one set of values taking on another but by finding common ground amid differences.  That’s the essence of communication and diplomacy and the respect for the dingity of others and our common humanity. 

Russia, which has worked hard to end Iran’s isolation, has a diplomacy which instinctively understands the potential of resolving the issue of the clash of civilisations that feeds today’s devastating terrorism eating at the heart of all civilisations.  Because Russia’s neighbour, Europe, is by excellence the theatre for this clash.  And because a clash of civilisations that counts on terrorism for self-realization will undoubtedly lead to the end of civilisations. 

The US however, despite the nuclear deal and the recent détente with Iran, is still very much sitting on the fence, between war and peace.  Hesitations and mixed messages, as well as Obama’s end of mandate, risk annihilating the dialogue that the Iran deal is promising, putting the initiative back in the hands of the neocons.  Obama’s last year in office must prove decisive in its open approach to the ills born out from the confrontation with Islam and Muslims if we are to bend the arc of History definitively away from the neocons.

As I wrote in the aftermath of the Charlie Hebdo tragedy, only a dialogue on values can silence the voices of confrontation. 

* Sonia Mansour Robaey, PhD, teaches Philosophy and Ethics, does counselling in Ethics. She is an observer and analyst of Middle Eastern and Levantine politics. Follow her on Twitter @les_politiques

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Terrorism is Common Worry for Muslims and West, Says Iran Leaderhttp://www.iransview.com/terrorism-is-common-worry-for-muslims-and-west-says-iran-leader/1622/ http://www.iransview.com/terrorism-is-common-worry-for-muslims-and-west-says-iran-leader/1622/#comments Thu, 03 Dec 2015 12:57:22 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1622 Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei says the bitter events brought about by blind terrorism in France have once again, moved him to write his second open letter to the young people living in the West. ” Anyone who has benefited from affection and humanity is affected and disturbed by witnessing these scenes- whether it occurs in France or in […]

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Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei says the bitter events brought about by blind terrorism in France have once again, moved him to write his second open letter to the young people living in the West.

” Anyone who has benefited from affection and humanity is affected and disturbed by witnessing these scenes- whether it occurs in France or in Palestine or Iraq or Lebanon or Syria,” Iran’s leader writes as he explained his reason for reaching our directly to the Western youth. ” I genuinely believe that it is only you the youth who by learning the lessons of today’s hardship can be barriers in the misguided path that has brought the west to its current impasse.”

On late January, Ayatollah Khamenei published his first open letter to the Western youth and appealed them to make an effort to understand Islam before condemning it. In the letter, Iran’s leader asks a series of questions from its readers like if they have directly read the Qur’an of the Muslims or have studied the teachings of the Prophet of Islam and his “humane and ethical doctrines”? And possibly most importantly whether they have ever received the message of Islam from any sources other than the media?

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below is full text of his second open letter:

In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

To the Youth in Western Countries,

The bitter events brought about by blind terrorism in France have once again, moved me to speak to you young people. For me, it is unfortunate that such incidents would have to create the framework for a conversation, however the truth is that if painful matters do not create the grounds for finding solutions and mutual consultation, then the damage caused will be multiplied.

The pain of any human being anywhere in the world causes sorrow for a fellow human being. The sight of a child losing his life in the presence of his loved ones, a mother whose joy for her family turns into mourning, a husband who is rushing the lifeless body of his spouse to some place and the spectator who does not know whether he will be seeing the final scene of life- these are scenes that rouse the emotions and feelings of any human being. Anyone who has benefited from affection and humanity is affected and disturbed by witnessing these scenes- whether it occurs in France or in Palestine or Iraq or Lebanon or Syria.

Without a doubt, the one-and-a-half billion Muslims also have these feelings and abhor and are revolted by the perpetrators and those responsible for these calamities. The issue, however, is that if today’s pain is not used to build a better and safer future, then it will just turn into bitter and fruitless memories. I genuinely believe that it is only you the youth who by learning the lessons of today’s hardship, have the power to discover new means for building the future and who can be barriers in the misguided path that has brought the west to its current impasse.

It is correct that today terrorism is our common worry. However, it is necessary for you to know that the insecurity and strain that you experienced during the recent events, differs from the pain that the people of Iraq, Yemen, Syria and Afghanistan have been experiencing for many years, in two significant ways. First, the Islamic world has been the victim of terror and brutality to a larger extent territorially, to greater amount quantitatively and for a longer period in terms of time. Second, that unfortunately this violence has been supported by certain great powers through various methods and effective means.

Today, there are very few people who are uninformed about the role of the United States of America in creating, nurturing and arming al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their inauspicious successors. Besides this direct support, the overt and well-known supporters of takfiri terrorism- despite having the most backward political systems- are standing arrayed as allies of the west while the most pioneering, brightest and most dynamic democrats in the region are suppressed mercilessly. The prejudiced response of the west to the awakening movement in the Islamic world is an illustrative example of the contradictory western policies.

The other side of these contradictory policies is seen in supporting the state terrorism of Israel. The oppressed people of Palestine have experienced the worst kind of terrorism for the last sixty years. If the people of Europe have now taken refuge in their homes for a few days and refrain from being present in busy places- it is decades that a Palestinian family is not secure even in its own home from the Zionist regime’s death and destruction machinery. What kind of atrocious violence today is comparable to that of the settlement constructions of the Zionist regime?

This regime- without ever being seriously and significantly censured by its influential allies or even by the so-called independent international organizations- everyday demolishes the homes of Palestinians and destroys their orchards and farms. This is done without even giving them time to gather their belongings or agricultural products and usually it is done in front of the terrified and tear-filled eyes of women and children who witness the brutal beatings of their family members who in some cases are being dragged away to gruesome torture chambers. In today’s world, do we know of any other violence on this scale and scope and for such an extended period of time?

Shooting down a woman in the middle of the street for the crime of protesting against a soldier who is armed to the teeth- if this is not terrorism, what is? This barbarism, because it is being done by the armed forces of an occupying government, should not be called extremism? Or maybe only because these scenes have been seen repeatedly on television screens for sixty years, they should no longer stir our consciences.

The military invasions of the Islamic world in recent years- with countless victims- are another example of the contradictory logic of the west. The assaulted countries, in addition to the human damage caused, have lost their economic and industrial infrastructure, their movement towards growth and development has been stopped or delayed and in some cases, has been thrown back decades. Despite all this, they are rudely being asked not to see themselves as oppressed. How can a country be turned into ruins, have its cities and towns covered in dust and then be told that it should please not view itself as oppressed? Instead of enticements to not understand and to not mention disasters, would not an honest apology be better? The pain that the Islamic world has suffered in these years from the hypocrisy and duplicity of the invaders is not less than the pain from the material damage.

Dear youth! I have the hope that you- now or in the future- can change this mentality corrupted by duplicity, a mentality whose highest skill is hiding long-term goals and adorning malevolent objectives. In my opinion, the first step in creating security and peace is reforming this violence-breeding mentality. Until double-standards dominate western policies, until terrorism- in the view of its powerful supporters- is divided into “good” and “bad” types, and until governmental interests are given precedence over human values and ethics, the roots of violence should not be searched for in other places.

Unfortunately, these roots have taken hold in the depths of western cultural policies over the course of many years and they have caused a soft and silent invasion. Many countries of the world take pride in their local and national cultures, cultures which through development and regeneration have soundly nurtured human societies for centuries. The Islamic world is not an exception to this. However in the current era, the western world with the use of advanced tools is insisting on the cloning and replication of its culture on a global scale. I consider the imposition of western culture upon other peoples and the trivialization of independent cultures as a form of silent violence and extreme harmfulness.

Humiliating rich cultures and insulting the most honored parts of these, is occurring while the alternative culture being offered in no way has any qualification for being a replacement. For example, the two elements of “aggression” and “moral promiscuity” which unfortunately have become the main elements of western culture, have even degraded the position and acceptability of its source region.

So now the question is: are we “sinners” for not wanting an aggressive, vulgar and fatuous culture? Are we to be blamed for blocking the flood of impropriety that is directed towards our youth in the shape of various forms of quasi-art? I do not deny the importance and value of cultural interaction. Whenever these interactions are conducted in natural circumstances and with respect for the receiving culture, they result in growth, development and richness. On the contrary, inharmonious interactions have been unsuccessful and harmful impositions.

We have to state with full regret that vile groups such as DAESH are the spawn of such ill-fated pairings with imported cultures. If the matter was simply theological, we would have had to witness such phenomena before the colonialist era, yet history shows the contrary. Authoritative historical records clearly show how colonialist confluence of extremist and rejected thoughts in the heart of a Bedouin tribe, planted the seed of extremism in this region. How then is it possible that such garbage as DAESH comes out of one of the most ethical and humane religious schools which as part of its inner core, includes the notion that taking the life of one human being is equivalent to killing the whole of humanity?

One has to ask why people who are born in Europe and who have been intellectually and mentally nurtured in that environment are attracted to such groups? Can we really believe that people with only one or two trips to war zones, suddenly become so extreme that they can riddle the bodies of their compatriots with bullets? On this matter, we certainly cannot forget about the effects of a life nurtured in a pathologic culture in a corrupt environment borne out of violence. On this matter, we need complete analyses, analyses that see the hidden and apparent corruptions. Maybe a deep hate- planted in the years of economic and industrial growth and borne out of inequality and possibly legal and structural prejudice- created ideas that every few years appear in a sickening manner.

In any case, you are the ones that have to uncover the apparent layers of your own society and untie and disentangle the knots and resentments. Fissures have to be sealed, not deepened. Hasty reactions is a major mistake when fighting terrorism which only widens the chasms. Any rushed and emotional reaction which would isolate, intimidate and create more anxiety for the Muslim communities living in Europe and America- which are comprised of millions of active and responsible human beings- and which would deprive them of their basic rights more than has already happened and which would drive them away from society- not only will not solve the problem but will increase the chasms and resentments.

Superficial measures and reactions, especially if they take legal forms, will do nothing but increase the current polarizations, open the way for future crises and will result in nothing else. According to reports received, some countries in Europe have issued guidelines encouraging citizens to spy on Muslims. This behavior is unjust and we all know that pursuing injustice has the characteristic of unwanted reversibility. Besides, the Muslims do not deserve such ill-treatment. For centuries, the western world has known Muslims well- the day that westerners were guests in Islamic lands and were attracted to the riches of their hosts and on another day when they were hosts and benefitted from the efforts and thoughts of Muslims- they generally experienced nothing but kindness and forbearance.

Therefore I want you the youth to lay the foundations for a correct and honorable interaction with the Islamic world based on correct understanding, deep insight and lessons learned from horrible experiences. In such a case and in the not too distant future, you will witness the edifice built on these firm foundations which creates a shade of confidence and trust which cools the crown of its architect, a warmth of security and peace that it bequests on them and a blaze of hope in a bright future which illuminates the canvass of the earth.

Sayyid Ali Khamenei

8th of Azar, 1394 – 29th of Nov, 2015

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نامه رهبر ایران به جوانان غربی، رمزگشای توافق هسته‌ایhttp://www.iransview.com/%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%85%d9%87-%d8%b1%d9%87%d8%a8%d8%b1-%d8%a7%db%8c%d8%b1%d8%a7%d9%86-%d8%a8%d9%87-%d8%ac%d9%88%d8%a7%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%86-%d8%ba%d8%b1%d8%a8%db%8c%d8%8c-%d8%b1%d9%85%d8%b2%da%af%d8%b4%d8%a7/1572/ http://www.iransview.com/%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%85%d9%87-%d8%b1%d9%87%d8%a8%d8%b1-%d8%a7%db%8c%d8%b1%d8%a7%d9%86-%d8%a8%d9%87-%d8%ac%d9%88%d8%a7%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%86-%d8%ba%d8%b1%d8%a8%db%8c%d8%8c-%d8%b1%d9%85%d8%b2%da%af%d8%b4%d8%a7/1572/#comments Tue, 01 Sep 2015 10:43:17 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1572 این مهم‌ترین ماموریت انقلاب اسلامی در دنیای امروز است. اگر توافق هسته‌ای را دنبال کرده اما توجهی به نامه رهبری ایران به جوانان غربی نداشته‌اید، آنگاه مهمترین مسئله درباره این توافق را درک نکرده اید: یک گفتگو بر پایه احترام و شأن متقابل و علیه بربریت و تهدیداتی که اسلام با آن مواجه است.

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Read this article in English.

-*سونیا منصورربیعه

ایرانز ویو: اگر مسلمانی دیندار و پارسا بودم و قرار بود که نگاهی دقیق‌تر به وضعیت امروز اسلام و مسلمانان داشته باشم، مطمئناً به شدت نگران می­شدم. امابه حتی با وجود آنکه من مسلمان نیستم و در واقع یک زن مسیحی سکولار عرب هستم، باز هم خود را نگران خواهران و برادران مسلمانم و البته دین اسلام می‌بینم.

البته این نگرانی تنها از سر نوع‌دوستی نیست. بلکه آینده اقلیت‌ها در خاورمیانه هم تا حد زیادی به وضعیت دین اسلام، که دین اکثریت است، بستگی دارد. اسلام و مسلمانان بخشی از عقبه فرهنگی من به عنوان یک عرب مسیحی هستند. زیرا فرهنگ خاورمیانه از ادیان و فرقی شکل گرفته است که همواره همانند قطعات موزائیک در کنار هم قرار داشته‌اند. تا اینکه القاعده و مشهورترین شاخه آن، داعش متولد شد.

دوباره می‌گویم، به عنوان یک مسیحی عرب، من نه تنها قرآن خوانده‌ و در خصوص آن آمزش دیده‌ام، بلکه در مذهب اسلام و تاریخ آن نیز مطالعه کردم. من اسلام را دینی شناختم که در هنر و علم دارای استیلا و روشنگری است. من اسلام را دینی دیدم که هموراه حرکتی رو به جلو دارد. البته، همانند هر دین دیگری، در میان پیروان اسلام نیز می‌توان اندازه‌ای از افراط گرایی و حرکت به عقب را هم مشاهده کرد اما اینها همیشه، یا دست کم تا اواخر دهه 70 و اوایل دهه 80 میلادی  مسائلی جزئی بودند تا اینکه القاعده و بدنام‌ترین شاخته آن، داعش، به وجود آمدند.

از زمان واقعه 11 سپتامبر، از خودم می‌‌پرسیدم: چه بر سر اسلام آمد؟ این سوال با ظهور و شدت گرفتن کشتار فرقه ای در عراق، پس از حمله 2003 آمریکا به این کشور، و اخیرا آواره‌سازی گسترده اقلیت‌های مذهبی به دست داعش در خاورمیانه که از زمان فروپاشی امپراطوری عثمانی تاکنون بی سابقه بوده است، شدت گرفت.

برای پاسخ به این سوال باید وقایع بین سال‌های اواخر دهه 70 تا اوایل 80 میلادی را درک کرد و فهمید که مناقشات این سال‌ها چگونه به وجود آمد و چگونه به پایان رسید. چگونه پرده آهنین شوروی فرو ریخت و به قطعات کوچکتری تقسیم شد ولی امپریالیسم غربی و آمریکایی بدون چالش بر جا ماندند.

در این سال‌های سرنوشت‌ساز ما شاهد انقلابی اسلامی در ایران بودیم که در مقابل امپریالیسم غربی قد علم کرد. در حالی که جنبش اسلامی دیگری، این بار در افغانستان، مهار شد و امپریالیسم غربی توانست آن را خنثی کند.

ما همچنین شاهد تحمیل جنگ نیابتی غرب علیه  ایران بودیم که بواسطه عراق صورت گرفت و هدف آن نیز به چالش کشیدن انقلاب اسلامی نوپای ایران بود. این رویدادها که منجر به سوءفهم عمیقی در درون اسلام شدند، در پی شکل‌گیری احساسات شدید ضد امپریالیستی در خاورمیانه به وجود آمدند که طی آن مسئله فلسطین، به عنوان موضوع اصلی جهان اسلام، در پی صلح جزیی مصر و اسرائیل به حاشیه رانده شد. مناقشه فلسطین با این صلح به خاک سپرده شد و مقاومت فلسطین پشتیبانی بیشترِ دولت های عربی را از دست داد. این مسائل منجر به معاهده صلح اسلو و در نطفه خفه شدن مبارزات فلسطینیان شد. در حالی که شهرک‌های غیرقانونی اسرائیلی تا به امروز همچنان به رشد خود ادامه می‌دهند.

دهه 1980 با غلبه امپریالیسم غربی پایان یافت. اما در خاورمیانه، انقلاب اسلامی ایران هرچند بواسطه جنگ عراق تضعیف شده بود و جامعه آن زخم‌های عمیقی برداشته بود، اما بر سر راه غلبه امپریالیسم غربی قرار گرفت. پس از پایان جنگ ایران و عراق و درگذشت آیت‌الله خمینی، انقلاب اسلامی ایران توانست بقای خود را ادامه دهد اما یک دهه بعدی را با وجود جو شدید خصومت‌باری که علیه آن وجود داشت، در میان تحریم‌های یک‌جانبه و چندجانبه، صرف بازسازی خود کرد.

انقلاب اسلامی ایران به اشکال گوناگون الهام بخش بسیاری از گروه‌های منطقه بود. گروه‌ها و جنبش‌های اسلام‌گرا در عربستان سعودی، مصر، سوریه و لبنان سر برآوردند. ولی تنها تعداد کمی از آنها توانستند به باقی خود ادامه دهند. دلیل بقای این عده معدود، مثل حزب الله لبنان، این بود که آنها روح انقلاب اسلامی ایران را به عنوان یک طغیان اسلامی علیه امپریالیسم غربی درک کرده بودند. طنین حزب الله در بین مردم جهان عرب پیچیدن گرفت زیرا مناقشه فلسطین و مبارزه علیه امپریالیسم غربی را زنده نگه داشت. در همان زمان حماس نیز متولد شد، تا بر اساس نگرش عدم مصالحه دربرابر اشغالگر، اشغاال فلسطین را به چالش بکشد. اما این گروه، با روحیه متفاوتی از حزب‌الله لبنان متولد شد که نشات گرفته از رقابت‌های داخلی فلسطینیان و به شدت متاثر از نیروهای خارجی و رقیب منطقه‌ای بود.

نیروهایی که از زمان شکل‌گیری انقلاب اسلامی ایران، و با هدف تضعیف آن، سعی دارند تا میان مسلمانان اختلاف بیاندازند، نه تنها امروزه هم بر سر کارند، بلکه از سوی ده‌ها گروه تروریستی تکفیری که مدعی فعالیت به سود اسلام و مسلمانان هستند، نیز حمایت می‌شوند. به همین خاطر است که امروز، حزب‌الله و حماس، دو گروهی که سال ها برای هدفی یکسان تلاش کرده‌اند، امروزه شاهد اختلافاتی میان خود هستند.

انقلاب اسلامی ایران به وضوح مبارزه علیه امپریالیسم غربی را به عنوان مشخصه اسلام مدرن تعریف کرد. اما این انقلاب تنها جنبش اسلامی نبود که کنکاش برای باز تعریف اسلام در عصر مدرن را احیا کرد. هرچند، گروه‌های اسلامی که پیش از انقلاب ایران به وجود آمده بودند و بیشتر کسانی که از آن الهام گرفته بودند به دنبال بازگشت به دوره اسلامی پیش از رخنه امپریالیسم غربی بودند تا بتوانند ابزاری را برای به چالش کشیدن آن پیدا کنند. در نتیجه یک بازگشت نوستالژیک به اسلام منجر به سردرگمی در رابطه با غرب شد. در اینجا به طور خاص به اخوان‌المسلمین اشاره دارم. ابهام و سردرگمی اینها در این بود که می‌خواستند با ابزارهای مفهومی که پیش از ظهور امپریالیسم وجود داشت، به جنگ امپریالیسم بروند. این مسئله در بهترین حالت، یک راهبرد جنگی، و در بدترین حالت، مشروعیت بخشی به وهابیت است، خدعه ای که قلب اسلام را هدف قرار داده است. ابهام و سردرگمی دیگر در این حقیقت است که فرار این جنبش‌ها از عصر مدرن مانع از آن می‌شود که حتی درکی از امپریالیسم پیدا کنند و در نتیجه به جای فهمیدن، گیج می‌شوند و اجازه می‌دهند که مدرنیته بر دستگاه ایدئولوژیک آنها تاثیری بگذارد که حتی قادر به درک آن هم نیستند.

این کج فهمی تراژیکی است که شورشیان سنی برای دریافت چگونگی مبارزه با امپریالیسم غربی و احیای تلاش‌ها برای بازتعریف اسلام در عصر مدرن، گرفتار آن هستند. امپریالیسم غربی، بطور ذاتی، درباره برتری علم و فناوری است. بنابراین، سنیان شورشی، با انتخاب نوستالوژی و ابزارهای مفهومی دوران قبل از امپریالیسم، تنها می‌توانند با توسل به بربریت و وحشیگری که در القاعده و داعش دیده می‌شود، به جنگ برتری فنی غرب و روش زندگی مورد تاکید آن بروند.

از سوی دیگر، انقلاب اسلامی ایران با استفاده از همان عناصری که غرب مدعی دارا بودن برتری در آنان است، یعنی فناوری، این کشور اما بر خلاف سایر کشورهای اسلامی که با تقلید از غرب به دنبال انرژی هسته ای به عنوان راهی برای دستیابی به برتری نظامی بودند، انرژی هسته ای را تنها برای اهداف غیر نظامی و حقی برای رسیدن به جایگاهی برابر در نظر داشت تا با به مخالفت با امپریالیسم یپردازد. از آنجا که غرب خود را در جایگاهی برتر می‌داند، کرامتی برای دیگران و کشورهای رام شده، قائل نیست و همه این کارها را نیز با بهره‌گیری از فناوری انجام می‌دهد.

اما بدون توجه به این که ایران چقدر به دنبال انرژی هسته‌ای برای اهداف غیرنظامی و پژوهش‌های فنی است، غرب همچنان خود را مشکوک به نیات ایران معرفی می‌کند. توافق اخیری که میان ایران و گروه 5+1 شد، پاسخی به این ادعاهاست و ابزار لازم برای اراده شواهد و صحت‌سنجی برنامه هسته‌ای ایران را فراهم می‌کند. علاوه بر آن، غربی‌ها به جای آنکه به دنبال اندازه‌گیری نیات جمهوری اسلامی باشند، باید تلاش این کشور برای رسیدن به فناوری غیرنظامی هسته‌ای را جشن بگیرند، چرا که اگر این کشور راهی به جز پیشرفت فنی را می‌پیمود، آن راه به بربریت ختم می‌شد.

البته، ممکن است گفته شود که پیشرفت فنی نیز ابعادی از بربریت را در خود دارد. بلی! استعمار اروپا و بعدها استعمار آمریکایی در آفریقا، خاورمیانه، آسیا و آمریکای جنوبی، بسیاری از همین ویژگی‌های بربریت را داشت که امروزه در گروه هایی مانند القاعده و داعش می‌بینیم. این مشکل برای همه انواع فناوری وجود دارد. فناوری‌ها، استانداردهای زندگی ما را ارتقاء می‌‌بخشند اما همزمان به ابزاری شرایط بنیادی انسان تبدیل شده است که در آرزوی خداست اما غرایزی حیوانی هم دارد که بدون اخلاقیات، بربریت همیشه در کمین آن است.

جمهوری اسلامی ایران به رغم داشتن ابزار و دانش فناوری هسته‌ای، همواره به تقبیح سلاح هسته‌ای پرداخته و هیچ‌گاه به دنبال اهداف نظامی از فناوری هسته‌ای نبوده و پیشرفت و اخلاقیات را در مقابل بربریت انتخاب کرده است.

جمهوری اسلامی، همزمان با استفاده از ابزارهای برتری غرب، یعنی فناوری، و ابزارهایی که خود از آموزه ‌های اخلاقی انقلاب اسلامی بدست آورده، به رویارویی با امپریالیسم غربی آمده است. اینگونه است که مذاکره‌کنندگان خستگی‌ناپذیر ایرانی همواره به فتوای آیت‌الله خامنه‌ای علیه ساخت تسلیحات هسته‌ای ارجاع داده‌اند و اخیرا نیز روحانی، رئیس‌جمهوری ایران با تاکید بر آنکه ایران هیچ گاه از دانش هسته‌ای خود علیه کشور دیگری استفاده نمی‌کند، این فتوا را به گونه‌ای دیگر تکرار کرد.

به این دلیل است که ایران با هدف رفع سوء ظن‌ها و پایان دادن به تحریم های نا عادلانه در 14 جولای 2015، با انجام بازرسی‌ها و شفاف‌سازی‌ بیشتر در خصوص برنامه هسته‌ای خود تن داد.

این تحولات اما زمانی اتفاق می‌افتد که ایران به عنوان یک بازیگر عمده در منطقه‌ای شناخته می‌شود که شاهد تهدیدات، درگیری‌ها، جنگ، تروریسم و وحشی‌گری‌های مختلفی است.

بنابراین ایران چگونه می‌تواند از داشتن یک برنامه نظامی هسته‌ای چشم پوشی کند آن هم در چنین شرایط خطرناکی که بیش از همه به چنین سلاحی نیاز دارد؟ این سوالی است که اخیراً ولی نصر، نویسنده و تحلیلگر آمریکایی طی مقاله‌ای در واشنگتن پست مطرح کرده است.

خود ولی نصر اینطور به این سوال پاسخ می‌دهد که جمهوری اسلامی به خاطر فشارهای داخلی، از موقعیت منطقه ای خود چشم پوشی کرده است تا بتواند بر بقای سیاسی خود در داخل کشور متمرکز شود. نصر در استدلال خود، بحث حیات انقلاب اسلامی در داخل را در مقابل جایگاه منطقه‌ای آن قرار می‌دهد.

من اما معتقدم که استدلال نصر متکی بر درک اشتباه غرب از انقلاب اسلامی و طرح اشتباه دوگانگی درون و داخل است.

در خصوص فشارهای داخلی که ایران بعد از وقایع انتخاباتی سال 2009 (1388) شاهد آن بود، زیاد گفته شده و اینطور ادعا شده است که این رویدادها ایران را وادار به ورود به روند مذاکراتی کرد که امروزه به پایان خود نزدیک شده است. اما این ادعا نیز بر پایه بسیاری مفروضات اشتباه بنا شده که می‌توان شواهد زیادی علیه آن ارائه کرد. در واقع این آمریکا بود که پیش‌قدم شد و فرآیند مذاکرات را آغاز کرد. در خصوص وقایع سال 2009، مطالعات بسیاری با تلاش برای اثبات تقلب احمدی‌نژاد انجام شد اما توفیقی در پی نداشتند، زیرا احمدی‌نژاد انتخاب مردم ایران در سال 2009 بود و هیچ تقلبی، آنطور که رسانه‌های غربی ادعا می‌کردند رخ نداد و برخی پژوهش‌های علمی نیز بر این مسئله صحه گذاشته‌اند.

حتی اسناد ویکی‌لیکز نیز نشان می‌دهند که این آمریکا بود که روایتی دروغین و مخالف با حقیقت در خصوص تقلب در انتخابات ایران را نشر داد. در خصوص وقایع بعد از انتخابات 2009، مفروضه‌های اشتباه زیادی در خصوص جوانان ایرانی و اینکه آنها مخالف انقلاب اسلامی هستند، طرح شد اما یک مطالعه غربی نشان می‌دهد که این مفروضه‌ها نادرست هستند و اکثریت جوانان ایرانی، حتی آنها که مواضع انتقادی نسبت به دولت دارند، در ارزش‌های انقلاب اسلامی ادغام شده و این ارزش‌ها در آنها درونی شده است.

اشتباه بودن دوگانگی شرایط زمینه‌ای داخل و خارج کشور که نصر آن را مطرح کرد نیز اثبات شده است. به خصوص در مورد داعش که نصر پذیرفته تهدیدی علیه ایران است. در مورد داعش، بقای انقلاب اسلامی ایران مساوی بقای کل اسلام است. زیرا شاخه دیگر اسلام که در مقابل ایران قرار گرفته، وحشیگری را انتخاب کرده است و رهبران و ترویج‌دهندگان این ایده، مثل داعش، مسلمانان را وارد مسیر بی بازگشتی کرده‌اند که به تخریب خودشان می‌انجامد.

در شرایط جدید و با حضور داعش، قربانیانی برای حفاظت از اسلام حقیقی و بازگشت کرامت مسلمانان وجود خواهند داشت. و این راه از طریق انقلاب اسلامی و پیام خاص آن صورت می‌گیرد. ایران تاثیر منطقه‌ای خود را اعمال خواهد کرد و لغو تحریم‌ها در نتیجه تلاش دیپلماتیک این کشور نیز به این هدف کمک خواهد کرد.

البته، گشودن درهای ایران، اقدامی پرخطر برای انقلاب اسلامی است، ولی همزمان این اقدام یک حرکت ایدئولوژیک و برای دفاع از اسلام است تا پیام این دین منتشر شود. این اقدامی است در راستای رسیدن انقلاب اسلامی ایران به جایگاه رهبری منطقه‌ای و جهانی که البته شایسته آن است.

اینطور نیست که ایران با پذیرش توافق هسته‌ای، انقلاب خود را از جهان ایزوله کرده و از نفوذ منطقه‌ای خود دست بکشد. برعکس، جمهوری اسلامی ایران از این پس نفوذ خود را به شکل متفاوتی و حتی گسترده‌تر بر مسلمانان اعمال می‌کند و پیام اسلام را نشر می‌دهد. زیرا با وجود داعش، حیات اسلام به زنده ماندن انقلاب اسلامی ایران بستگی دارد.

با شروع بهار عربی که به گفته این تحلیلگر، می‌رفت تا مدل انقلاب اسلامی را در منطقه پخش کند، حاکمان عرب کشورهای حاشیه خلیج فارس را به واکنش واداشت. همچنین القاعده و داعش نیز علیه اسلام سیاسی، انقلابی و ضد امپریالیستی که در ایران شکل گرفته، وارد عمل شدند. به همین خاطر است که بعد از توافق هسته ای، محمد جواد ظریف، وزیر خارجه ایران سفرهایی را به کشورهای همسایه عربی انجام داد.

با توجه به مسائلی که بیان شد، ممکن است این ایده طرح شود که این فشار داخلی نبود که ایران را به میز مذاکره کشاند، بلکه شرایط تهدیدی که علیه اسلام، بطور کلی، وجود دارد، انقلاب اسلامی ایران را قانع کرد که تنها راه برای تاثیرگذاری مثبت بر اسلام و منطقه،‌ یعنی همان ماموریت اصلی ایران، این است که از شر تحریم‌های تحمیلی خلاص شود.

برای صحت‌سنجی این ایده، واقعه‌ای را یادآوری می‌کنم؛ پس از حملات که ژانویه 2015 به نشریه فرانسوی شارلی هبدو شد و تاثیر بدی بر وجهه اسلام داشت، و در حالیکه تنها ابتکاری که جهان می‌توانست از ایران برای دفاع از اسلام انتظار داشته باشد، ابتکار عملی در مذاکرات هسته‌ای بود، آیت‌الله خامنه ای، رهبر ایران، آغازگر گفتگویی با غرب و جوانانی غربی در خصوص دین اسلام و پیام آن بود. #LetterForYou پیامی برای جوانان غرب و البته جهان بود که از طریق رسانه‌های اجتماعی منتشر شد و کوشید تا اسلام حقیقی را به دور از کلیشه‌های داعش و القاعده شرح دهد.

نامه آیت‌الله خامنه‌ای به جوانان غربی، معنای عمیق‌تری نیز دارد. این نامه، ادامه سیاست جمهوری اسلامی ایران برای باز کردن درهای گفتگوی خود با جهانیان و مکمل مذاکرات هسته‌ای بود.

نام آیت الله خامنه‌ای با آغاز گفتگویی با جوانان غربی درباره اسلام، به دنبال گسترش فهم و احترام افکار عمومی غرب است که جریان مذاکرات هسته‌ای نیز به آن دست یافته بود. رهبر ایران در نامه خود توضیح می‌دهد که او جوانان را مخاطب قرار داده است زیرا برای اصلاح تصورات غلطی که درخصوص اسلام در بین بزرگسالان غربی به وجود آمده، بسیار دیر شده است، بویژه که این تصورات غلط در خود غرب جعل شده‌اند.

کسی باید از مسلمانان در برابر خودشان دفاع کند. مطمئناً غرب این کار را نخواهد کرد. انقلاب اسلامی ایران به مقاومت، بقا، کرامت و احترام دست یافته است. و بهترین جایگاه را برای بر عهده گرفتن این وظیفه در اختیار دارد. شروع و پایان این وظیفه خطیر با گفتگویی صادقانه درباره اسلام است. این معنای عمیق نامه رهبری عالی ایران به جوانان غربی است. بعد از توافق هسته‌ای،‌جمهوری اسلامی ایران با دانش خود در همه حوزه‌ها، از فناوری گرفته تا دین، آماده مقابله با بربریت است.

این مهم‌ترین ماموریت انقلاب اسلامی در دنیای امروز است. اگر توافق هسته‌ای را دنبال کرده اما توجهی به نامه رهبری ایران به جوانان غربی نداشته‌اید، آنگاه مهمترین مسئله درباره این توافق را درک نکرده اید: یک گفتگو بر پایه احترام و شأن متقابل و علیه بربریت و تهدیداتی که اسلام با آن مواجه است.

دکتر سونیا منصور ربیعه، نویسنده مسیحی کانادایی با اصالت عرب و استاد فلسفه و اخلاق در دانشگاه‌های این کشور است. نطرات وی به عنوان تحلیلگر مسائل خاورمیانه در رسانه‌های بین‌المللی منتشر می‌شود. می‌توانید وی را در تویتر دنبال کنید.

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Iran N.Deal, Future of Islam and A.Khamenei’s Letter to Western Youthhttp://www.iransview.com/iran-n-deal-future-of-islam-and-a-khameneis-letter-to-western-youth/1562/ http://www.iransview.com/iran-n-deal-future-of-islam-and-a-khameneis-letter-to-western-youth/1562/#comments Thu, 27 Aug 2015 06:06:55 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1562 If you followed the nuclear deal and you didn’t pay attention to ‘Letter for you’, then you didn’t understand the most important thing about the deal: a dialogue of civilizations on the basis of mutual respect and dignity against the new barbarisms that threaten Islam.

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Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (R) and his Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L) meeting with the country's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (R) and his Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L) meeting with the country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.

این مقاله را به فارسی بخوانید.

By: Sonia Mansour Robaey *

If I were a faithful and pious Muslim and if I were to take a look at the state of the religion of Islam and Muslims today, I would be extremely worried. And even though I am not a Muslim faithful but an Arab secular Christian woman, I can still worry for my Muslim sisters and brothers and the religion of Islam. This is not a selfless concern. The future of minorities in the Middle East depends largely on the state of the Muslim religion, which is the religion of the majority. Also, the Muslim religion and its people are part and parcel of my cultural background, of who I am as an Arab Christian, as much as Muslims of the Middle East are culturally shaped by their presence as pieces in a mosaic of religions and sects, which the region never ceased to be, until al Qaeda and its most notorious branch, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, ISIS, came to be.

Again, as an Arab Christian, I was educated not on the holy Qur’an, but on the religion of Islam and its History. I grew up seeing Islam as a religion of conquest and enlightenment in the Arts and Sciences. I grew up seeing Islam as a forward progressive religion. Of course, as in every religion, I could perceive some extremism here and there, some backwardness, but these seemed marginal, or so was my perception during the late seventies, early eighties, until al Qaeda and its most notorious branch, ISIS, came to be.

Since 911, I have been asking myself: what happened to Islam? More so since the emergence and mainstreaming of sectarian killings inside Iraq after the 2003 US invasion and the recent mass displacements of religious minorities by ISIS in the Middle East, the largest since the Ottoman Empire disintegrated.

To answer this question one must understand what happened between the late seventies and the early eighties and how the struggles born out of these years came to their conclusion as the iron curtain fell on the Soviet bloc ushering in a short era of revigorated and unchallenged American and western imperialism.

During these decisive years, we witnessed an Islamic revolution in Iran that rose against western imperialism while another Islamic movement in Afghanistan came to be subsumed, and consumed, by the goals of western imperialism. We also witnessed a war on Iran from the West, with Iraq as a proxy, meant to challenge to the nascent Islamic revolution of Iran. These events, which will lead to a profound misunderstanding inside Islam, took place after the strong anti-imperialist sentiment in the Middle East, in which Palestine was the main conduit, was sidelined through a partial peace between Israel and Egypt. The Palestine struggle was buried by partial peace and the Palestinian resistance lost the support of most Arab states. This was going to lead to the still-born Oslo peace process and the slow asphyxiation of the Palestinian struggle, while Israeli settlements flourished as they continue to do until today.

The eighties end with the triumph of western imperialism. But in the Middle East, the Islamic revolution of Iran stood in the way of this triumph, albeit weakened and its society profoundly wounded by the Iraq war. After the end of the Iraq-Iran war and Ayatollah’s Khomeini’s death, the Islamic revolution of Iran had survived but the country was going to spend the next decade rebuilding itself amid a climate of increasing hostility, unilateral and multilateral sanctions.

Iran’s Islamic revolution inspired many and in many ways in the region. Islamist groups and Islamist movements rose in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon. Only few survived and those who did, like Hezbollah, did so because they understood the spirit of the Islamic revolution of Iran, as it stood, as an Islamist insurgency, first and foremost, against western imperialism. Hezbollah resonated with the populations of the Arab world because it revived the Palestinian struggle and the struggle against western imperialism. At the same time, Hamas was born to challenge the occupation of Palestine, based on a non-compromising attitude toward the occupation, but with a different spirit marked by the context of inter Palestinian rivalry heavily weighed by outside and competing regional influences.

This is why Hamas and Hezbollah, two groups moved by the same goal for many years, find themselves today at odds because the forces that have been pulling Muslims apart since the event of the Islamic revolution of Iran, not only are still at work today, but they are now aided by scores of terrorist Takfiri groups claiming to be working for Muslims and Islam.

The Islamic revolution of Iran had clearly designated the anti-imperialist struggle as the defining project of modern Islam. But the Islamic revolution of Iran was not the only Islamic movement renewing the search to redefine Islam in modern times. However, the Islamist groups who came before it and most of those who were inspired by it sought a return to an era of Islam before western imperialism to find the tools to challenge western imperialism. Thus, the nostalgic return to Islam resulted in ambiguity toward the West. I am thinking here specifically of the Muslim Brotherhood. The ambiguity is in confronting modern western imperialism with conceptual tools that existed before this imperialism. This is at best a flight strategy, at worst, a legitimization of Wahhabism, the gangrene that’s been eating at the heart of Islam. Ambiguity exists also in the fact that running away from modernity prevents these movements from ever understanding imperialism, replacing understanding with mystification, leaving modernity to exert a fascination on their entire ideological conceptual apparatus without ever being able to understand it.

This is a tragic misunderstanding, by the insurgent Sunni branch of Islam, of how to conduct the struggle for relevance against western imperialism and renew the search to redefine Islam in modern times. Western imperialism, in its essence, is about the superiority of science and technology. By choosing nostalgia and pre-imperialist conceptual tools, insurgent Sunni Islam could then only fight western technical superiority and the way of life it implies with increased barbarism. Hence, al-Qaeda and ISIS.

The Islamic revolution of Iran, on the other side, has sought to fight western imperialism with the elements of its alleged superiority; technology. But contrary to other Muslim countries that had sought nuclear technology as a way to achieve military superiority, like the West, Iran sought nuclear technology only for civilian purposes and as a right to achieve equal status, to oppose to western imperialism the right to dignity. Because western imperialism sees itself as superior in status, it refuses dignity to others, to subdued countries, and it does so mainly through technology.

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Iran Leader Reached out for Western Youth Through Rare Open Letterhttp://www.iransview.com/iran-leader-reached-western-youth-rare-open-letter/1509/ http://www.iransview.com/iran-leader-reached-western-youth-rare-open-letter/1509/#comments Thu, 22 Jan 2015 14:22:21 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1509 Iran's View has launched a campaign calling European and North American youth to post their responses to the Supreme Leader's letter.
A select number of the replies will be communicated with Leader's office.

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In an unprecedented open letter, Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei appealed “to the Youth in Europe and North America” to make an effort to understand Islam before condemning it.

In the letter, Iran’s leader asks a series of questions from its readers like if they have directly read the Qur’an of the Muslims or have studied the teachings of the Prophet of Islam and his “humane and ethical doctrines”? And possibly most importantly whether they have ever received the message of Islam from any sources other than the media?

Condemning terrorist groups like ISIS and Boko Haram, the leader ends his message on a hopeful note on how the future generations will write history if they have accurate information about global developments.

Iran denounced the shooting at the offices of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo but has also condemned as “provocative” its publication last week of a cartoon of Prophet Mohammad.

Referring to the recent events in France, the leader then asked that readers “study and research the incentives behind this widespread tarnishing of the image of Islam” and “try to gain a direct and firsthand knowledge of this religion.” He added, “I don’t insist that you accept my reading or any other reading of Islam. What I want to say is: Don’t allow this dynamic and effective reality in today’s world to be introduced to you through resentments and prejudices.”

Iran’s View has launched a campaign calling the Western youth to post their responses to the Ayatollah Khamenei’s letter.
A select number of the replies will be communicated with Leader’s office.

Leave you comments under this article or send them to this email: letter4u@iransview.com

Read the entire letter and watch a video of the 10 questions asked from the Western youth by Ayatollah Khamenei:

Message of ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, Leader of The Islamic Republic of Iran

In the name of God, the Beneficent the Merciful

To the Youth in Europe and North America,

The recent events in France and similar ones in some other Western countries have convinced me to directly talk to you about them. I am addressing you, [the youth], not because I overlook your parents, rather it is because the future of your nations and countries will be in your hands; and also I find that the sense of quest for truth is more vigorous and attentive in your hearts.

I don’t address your politicians and statesmen either in this writing because I believe that they have consciously separated the route of politics from the path of righteousness and truth.

I would like to talk to you about Islam, particularly the image that is presented to you as Islam. Many attempts have been made over the past two decades, almost since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, to place this great religion in the seat of a horrifying enemy. The provocation of a feeling of horror and hatred and its utilization has unfortunately a long record in the political history of the West.

Here, I don’t want to deal with the different phobias with which the Western nations have thus far been indoctrinated. A cursory review of recent critical studies of history would bring home to you the fact that the Western governments’ insincere and hypocritical treatment of other nations and cultures has been censured in new historiographies.

The histories of the United States and Europe are ashamed of slavery, embarrassed by the colonial period and chagrined at the oppression of people of color and non-Christians. Your researchers and historians are deeply ashamed of the bloodsheds wrought in the name of religion between the Catholics and Protestants or in the name of nationality and ethnicity during the First and Second World Wars. This approach is admirable.

By mentioning a fraction of this long list, I don’t want to reproach history; rather I would like you to ask your intellectuals as to why the public conscience in the West awakens and comes to its senses after a delay of several decades or centuries. Why should the revision of collective conscience apply to the distant past and not to the current problems? Why is it that attempts are made to prevent public awareness regarding an important issue such as the treatment of Islamic culture and thought?

You know well that humiliation and spreading hatred and illusionary fear of the “other” have been the common base of all those oppressive profiteers. Now, I would like you to ask yourself why the old policy of spreading “phobia” and hatred has targeted Islam and Muslims with an unprecedented intensity. Why does the power structure in the world want Islamic thought to be marginalized and remain latent? What concepts and values in Islam disturb the programs of the super powers and what interests are safeguarded in the shadow of distorting the image of Islam? Hence, my first request is: Study and research the incentives behind this widespread tarnishing of the image of Islam.
My second request is that in reaction to the flood of prejudgments and disinformation campaigns, try to gain a direct and firsthand knowledge of this religion. The right logic requires that you understand the nature and essence of what they are frightening you about and want you to keep away from.

I don’t insist that you accept my reading or any other reading of Islam. What I want to say is: Don’t allow this dynamic and effective reality in today’s world to be introduced to you through resentments and prejudices. Don’t allow them to hypocritically introduce their own recruited terrorists as representatives of Islam.

Receive knowledge of Islam from its primary and original sources. Gain information about Islam through the Qur’an and the life of its great Prophet. I would like to ask you whether you have directly read the Qur’an of the Muslims. Have you studied the teachings of the Prophet of Islam and his humane, ethical doctrines? Have you ever received the message of Islam from any sources other than the media?

Have you ever asked yourself how and on the basis of which values has Islam established the greatest scientific and intellectual civilization of the world and raised the most distinguished scientists and intellectuals throughout several centuries?

I would like you not to allow the derogatory and offensive image-buildings to create an emotional gulf between you and the reality, taking away the possibility of an impartial judgment from you. Today, the communication media have removed the geographical borders. Hence, don’t allow them to besiege you within fabricated and mental borders.

Although no one can individually fill the created gaps, each one of you can construct a bridge of thought and fairness over the gaps to illuminate yourself and your surrounding environment. While this preplanned challenge between Islam and you, the youth, is undesirable, it can raise new questions in your curious and inquiring minds. Attempts to find answers to these questions will provide you with an appropriate opportunity to discover new truths.

Therefore, don’t miss the opportunity to gain proper, correct and unbiased understanding of Islam so that hopefully, due to your sense of responsibility toward the truth, future generations would write the history of this current interaction between Islam and the West with a clearer conscience and lesser resentment.

Seyyed Ali Khamenei
21st Jan. 2015

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REPEAT:: Why Iran’s Leader Gives Rowhani Nuclear Free Hand?http://www.iransview.com/repeat-irans-leader-gives-rowhani-nuclear-free-hand/1502/ http://www.iransview.com/repeat-irans-leader-gives-rowhani-nuclear-free-hand/1502/#comments Mon, 18 Aug 2014 12:18:32 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1502 The Leader would be happy see that his strategic decision has helped the administration manage to fulfill its promises and receive a palatable feedback from foreigners. However, if the government fails to get the desired response from the West by being more flexible, the Leader's warnings and pessimism against the US and enemies will be well substantiated.

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In a Tuesday meeting with senior commanders of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (Sepah), the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei stated two issues in Iran’s internal and foreign policy grounds in an unprecedented clear-cut tone: that the Sepah should not necessarily step in political affairs of the country and that the he would favor a “heroic flexible” foreign policy approach.

According to the informed sources talked to Iran’sView, the new Iranian President, Hassan Rowhani, perceived to have won the June-14 elections by his moderation promises, is said to have requested the Leader to give him a modest free hand in the country’s foreign policy affairs, including the prolonged nuclear standoff, so that he will be able to tackle the Islamic Republic’s economic problems to some extent.

It is years now that Tehran is at odds with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany (P5+1) over its nuclear case due to irreconcilable views of the negotiating sides.

According to a Rouhani aide who has spoke to Iran’sView on condition of anonymity, he has promised the Supreme Leader he will be able to scrape a large part of the stifling sanctions imposed on Iran without damaging the nature of its nuclear program provided that the Leader permits the president to act more flexibly in the talks with the P5+1.

“I would agree with what I once called ‘heroic flexibility’, as it is a proper move at times,” said the Leader during his address to the Sepah commanders on Tuesday, seems to be an explicitly agreeing to the administration’s request. However, he cautioned the president to be wary of the “other side and the chief objective” in the talks while being more flexible.

irgc-commanders-leader

Though this was not the first time the Supreme Leader spoke of “heroic flexibility”.

“Artistic and heroic flexibility, softness and maneuver are accepted and welcome in all political grounds,” said the Leader in another meeting a fortnight ago with members of the Assembly of Experts. “But maneuvers should not be interpreted as a leave to cross the red lines or step back of fundamental strategies or neglecting the ideals.”

The Leader of Iran is still suspicious about the flexibility in international dealings of the new administration as it might be induced to cross some red lines (like direct and comprehensive talks with the US) or retreat from fundamental strategies of the Islamic Republic (like supporting Palestinian cause and the Syrian government as part of the resistance front).

The Leader once again reminded the administration in his Tuesday speech that it is not allowed to neglect the “objectives and ideals” of the Islamic Revolution with excuses like “The world or the trends has changed.”

According to political observers in Tehran, the Supreme Leader has allowed the administration to expand ties with European countries, engage in direct talks with the US over the Syrian conflict, and show more flexibility in nuclear talks. The Leader has decided to let Rouhani have his try in various fields, even though he (the Leader) is not optimistic about the West’s reaction to Iran’s flexible tone; which is why the Leader stressed in his Tuesday speech that the US and the West are seeking much greatest goals in Iran’s nuclear case and that it should be taken in and well analyzed by “challenging the hegemonic system by the Islamic Revolution”.

“We do not approve of nuclear weapons not because of the US or others, but because of our beliefs; when we say no one can have nuclear weapons, we would never seek such weapons ourselves; the dissenters of Iran are after something else. These countries would never let their nuclear energy monopoly be broken,” Ayatollah Khamenei said on Tuesday.

“Diplomacy is the field of smile and calls for talks and negotiations; however, all these should be defined in the framework of our major challenge.”

Ayatollah Khamenei has repeatedly cautioned the new administration against the Islamic Republic’s red lines and fundamentals while exhibiting flexibility in its foreign dealings. In his earlier speech addressing members of the Assembly of Experts, the Leader certified that every “administration or person has their own methods and innovations, and are allowed to practice them in their work.”

As a key player in Iran’s power struggle during the past 34 years, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, or Sepah, has aligned itself well with the Supreme Leader’s directions, and stood up to administrations which fail to follow the Leader’s directions. Besides, the construction projects as well as economic activities run by the Sepah are a powerful lever that can help every administration to materialize their domestic policies; which may be why the President Rowhani addressed Sepah commanders a day before the Leader to ask them to support the administration economically.

With regard to Rowhani’s concerns about acceptance of his “flexible” policies by Sepah commanders, the Supreme Leader called on Sepah top brass to temporarily step out of politics and view the developments from outside.

“Sepah is not required to meddle in political grounds, but guardianship of the Revolution needs precise understanding of realities,” the Leader said on Tuesday.

“The organization that is deemed as the Revolution’s guardian arm cannot be expected to be alien to derivative political currents,” said the Leader, stressing that under the current circumstances Sepah must, of course, identify and counter all adversaries of the Islamic Republic.

The Leader is evidently giving the administration a free hand to remedy the country’s economic and political headache by putting into effect its innovations. Likewise the Leader would be happy see that his strategic decision has helped the administration manage to fulfill its promises and receive a palatable feedback from foreigners. However, if the government fails to get the desired response from the West by being more flexible, just like the Reformist administration of Mohammad Khatami, the Leader’s warnings and pessimism against the US and enemies will be well substantiated. 

“The revolution’s future is glorious for sure, but the time of its happening depends of the performance of the nation and officials. If we are united, integrated and decisive, such a future is soon realized, but if we are infested with indolence, arrogance and other such stuff, that future will be late to come.” Ayatollah Khamenei said to the top commanders of Sepah.

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JUST IN:: Video: How Iran Will Confront US Military Threat in the Persian Gulf?http://www.iransview.com/just-video-iran-will-confront-us-military-threat-persian-gulf/1476/ http://www.iransview.com/just-video-iran-will-confront-us-military-threat-persian-gulf/1476/#comments Tue, 13 May 2014 12:17:40 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1476 English dubbed video of what Iranian military commanders explain to the Leader Khamenei on the developing missile program and their copying of the sophisticated US drone RQ-170

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Here Iran’s View has provided English dubbed video of what Iranian military commanders explain to the Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Sayed Ali Khamenei on the developing missile program and their copying of the sophisticated US drone RQ-170.

As Iran’s View previously reported, Iran’s Leader paid a visit to Army of the Guardians Aerospace Force achievements show on May 11, 2014 to reiterate Iran’s determination to development of its military power.

In the show, Iran’s IRGC displayed its latest aerospace achievements which include modern designation of ballistic missile systems and production of advanced drones.

“[The West] expect to limit Iran’s missile program while they are threatening Iran with military action. Such expectations are foolish and idiotic,” Ayatollah Khamenei said during the visit.

During his two-hour visit from the IRGC exhibition, Ayatollah Khamenei also watched a recorded video of Iranian drones filming USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier. he then went to visited a captured American RQ-170 sentinel drone and its Iranian version that was manufactured by IRGC Aerospace Force through reverse engineering.

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Leader: West’s Expectation of Limiting Iran’s Missile Program is Foolish and Idiotichttp://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-wests-expectation-limiting-irans-missile-program-foolish/1462/ http://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-wests-expectation-limiting-irans-missile-program-foolish/1462/#comments Sun, 11 May 2014 16:06:34 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1462 Iran's Leader: West's Expectation of Limiting Iran's Missile Program is Foolish

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Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Sayed Ali Khamenei paid a visit to Army of the Guardians Aerospace Force achievements show today to reiterate Iran’s determination to development of its military power.

While Iran and the five members of the UN Security Council plus Germany are to start drafting the text of a comprehensive nuclear agreement on May 13, Ayatollah Khamenei said that the West’s expectation of limiting Iran’s missile program is foolish.

While the P5+1, led by the United States, has insisted that Iran’s ballistic missile program will be on the table in any comprehensive agreement, Iran repeatedly rejected any issue other than the nuclear program should be part of the negotiations.

“I always supported creativity in the foreign policy and the negotiations and always advise officials to apply utmost creativity in the international interactions. But the country’s needs and issues like sanctions should not be tied to the negotiations. The authorities should resolve the sanctions in a different way,” Iran’s Leader said today.

Iran's Leader visiting latest achievements of Aerospace Force of the Islamic Republic Guardian Corps on May 11, 2014.

Iran’s Leader visiting latest achievements of Aerospace Force of the Islamic Republic Guardian Corps on May 11, 2014.

Iran and the P5+1 reached a landmark nuclear interim deal in Geneva on November 24, 2013 in which Iran agreed to dilute some of its 20% enriched uranium stockpile to a lower concentration and convert some into oxide.

Although the agreement came into force on January 20 but Iranian officials believes US failed to meet its commitments to easing of sanctions.

“[The West] expect to limit Iran’s missile program while they are threatening Iran with military action. Such expectations are foolish and idiotic.”
Iran’s IRGC displayed its latest aerospace achievements which include modern designation of ballistic missile systems and production of advanced drones.

During his two-hour visit from the IRGC exhibition, Ayatollah Khamenei also watched a recorded video of Iranian drones filming USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier. he then went to visited a captured American RQ-170 sentinel drone and its Iranian version that was manufactured by IRGC Aerospace Force through reverse engineering.

Iran's Leader visited a captured American RQ-170 drone and its Iranian version that was manufactured by IRGC through reverse engineering.

Iran’s Leader visited a captured American RQ-170 drone and its Iranian version that was manufactured by IRGC through reverse engineering.

On 4 December 2011, an American Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was captured by Iranian forces near the city of Kashmar in northeastern Iran.

The Iranian government announced that the UAV was brought down by its cyberwarfare unit which commandeered the aircraft and safely landed it, after initial reports from Western news sources inaccurately claimed that it had been “shot down”. The United States government initially denied the claims but later President Obama acknowledged that the downed aircraft was a US drone and requested Iran to return it.

But Obama’s request rejected one day later by Iranian officials which urged US to apologize to the Iranian nation because of violating the country’s aerospace.

Below are Photos of Iran’s Leader visiting Aerospace Force of the IRGC exhibition:

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iranian missiles

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Iran’s Leader Frowns at Hardliners, Pats Nuclear Negotiatorshttp://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-frowns-hardliners-pats-nuclear-negotiators/1418/ http://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-frowns-hardliners-pats-nuclear-negotiators/1418/#comments Sun, 03 Nov 2013 09:46:16 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1418 “Nobody is allowed to call the negotiators ‘compromisers’. They are born and bred here [under the Islamic Revolution]. They shoulder an arduous task and no one may undermine their mission,” said the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei in an address on Sunday.

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“Nobody is allowed to call the negotiators ‘compromisers’. They are born and bred here [under the Islamic Revolution]. They shoulder an arduous task and no one may undermine their mission,” said the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei in an address on Sunday.

The Leader voiced his strong support for the ongoing initiative of the current administration to engage in the talks with the West, including the US, to address Tehran’s nuclear impasse, and censured certain political parties who frowned upon the government’s diplomacy towards the West by installing derogatory banners and essays in the press.

Some of the banners showed the English-language slogan “The U.S. Government Styles Honesty,” and depicted a goateed Iranian official (presumably meant to resemble Zarif) sitting across from a U.S. counterpart who, under the table, conceals symbols of perceived American aggression.

The Leader of the Islamic Revolution advised the current administration against relying on the talks for resolving domestic issues. “We believe that officials should lean on domestic potentials to solve the matters. Successful countries in foreign diplomacy are those who place reliance on their domestic power.”

“We shall not trust a smiling foe. The Americans give us a venal smile at the negotiating table expressing tendency for talks, but at the very same time repeat that they have all the options on the table; what on earth may they do then?” the Leader went on to say.

Americans are most considerate when it comes to Zionists; but “we are free of such considerations. Since its incipience, we have regarded this regime as an illegitimate and bastard establishment.”

He underlined that talks with the US would only concern the nuclear issue, and posited, “Talks with the P5+1 group concern only the nuclear issue and nothing else.”

Referring to his New Year speech in the holy city of Mashhad, he said  that “as I have previously said I am not optimistic about the talks, though, God willing, the negotiations would not harm us.”

“By the talks the Iranian nation would enter into a superior intellectual phase,” Ayatollah Khamenei said.

“If the talks are successful, so much the better. But if they fail, the country shall stand on its own feet afterwards,” the Leader said confirming a previous speculation by Iran’sView.

Ayatollah Khamenei mentioned the nuclear issue of Iran with the West as well, and said, “Iran’s voluntary suspension of its enrichment program for two years in 2004 delayed the country at least two years in its nuclear agenda; however, it finally turned out to be our benefit… during the two years that Iran volunteered to suspend (uranium) enrichment, the West showed no sign of building confidence and easing sanctions against Tehran, so that the Leader mandated the then-administration to restore nuclear activities. Iran regards the 2004 failure as an instance for not trusting the West.”

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Why Iran’s Leader Gives Rowhani Nuclear Free Hand?http://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-gives-rowhani-nuclear-free-hand/1378/ http://www.iransview.com/irans-leader-gives-rowhani-nuclear-free-hand/1378/#comments Wed, 18 Sep 2013 12:42:55 +0000 http://www.iransview.com/?p=1378 In a Tuesday meeting with senior commanders of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (Sepah), the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei stated two issues in Iran’s internal and foreign policy grounds in an unprecedented clear-cut tone: that the Sepah should not necessarily step in political affairs of the country and that the he would favor […]

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In a Tuesday meeting with senior commanders of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (Sepah), the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei stated two issues in Iran’s internal and foreign policy grounds in an unprecedented clear-cut tone: that the Sepah should not necessarily step in political affairs of the country and that the he would favor a “heroic flexible” foreign policy approach.

According to the informed sources talked to Iran’sView, the new Iranian President, Hassan Rowhani, perceived to have won the June-14 elections by his moderation promises, is said to have requested the Leader to give him a modest free hand in the country’s foreign policy affairs, including the prolonged nuclear standoff, so that he will be able to tackle the Islamic Republic’s economic problems to some extent.

It is years now that Tehran is at odds with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany (P5+1) over its nuclear case due to irreconcilable views of the negotiating sides.

According to a Rouhani aide who has spoke to Iran’sView on condition of anonymity, he has promised the Supreme Leader he will be able to scrape a large part of the stifling sanctions imposed on Iran without damaging the nature of its nuclear program provided that the Leader permits the president to act more flexibly in the talks with the P5+1.

“I would agree with what I once called ‘heroic flexibility’, as it is a proper move at times,” said the Leader during his address to the Sepah commanders on Tuesday, seems to be an explicitly agreeing to the administration’s request. However, he cautioned the president to be wary of the “other side and the chief objective” in the talks while being more flexible.

irgc-commanders-leader

Though this was not the first time the Supreme Leader spoke of “heroic flexibility”.

“Artistic and heroic flexibility, softness and maneuver are accepted and welcome in all political grounds,” said the Leader in another meeting a fortnight ago with members of the Assembly of Experts. “But maneuvers should not be interpreted as a leave to cross the red lines or step back of fundamental strategies or neglecting the ideals.”

The Leader of Iran is still suspicious about the flexibility in international dealings of the new administration as it might be induced to cross some red lines (like direct and comprehensive talks with the US) or retreat from fundamental strategies of the Islamic Republic (like supporting Palestinian cause and the Syrian government as part of the resistance front).

The Leader once again reminded the administration in his Tuesday speech that it is not allowed to neglect the “objectives and ideals” of the Islamic Revolution with excuses like “The world or the trends has changed.”

According to political observers in Tehran, the Supreme Leader has allowed the administration to expand ties with European countries, engage in direct talks with the US over the Syrian conflict, and show more flexibility in nuclear talks. The Leader has decided to let Rouhani have his try in various fields, even though he (the Leader) is not optimistic about the West’s reaction to Iran’s flexible tone; which is why the Leader stressed in his Tuesday speech that the US and the West are seeking much greatest goals in Iran’s nuclear case and that it should be taken in and well analyzed by “challenging the hegemonic system by the Islamic Revolution”.

“We do not approve of nuclear weapons not because of the US or others, but because of our beliefs; when we say no one can have nuclear weapons, we would never seek such weapons ourselves; the dissenters of Iran are after something else. These countries would never let their nuclear energy monopoly be broken,” Ayatollah Khamenei said on Tuesday.

“Diplomacy is the field of smile and calls for talks and negotiations; however, all these should be defined in the framework of our major challenge.”

Ayatollah Khamenei has repeatedly cautioned the new administration against the Islamic Republic’s red lines and fundamentals while exhibiting flexibility in its foreign dealings. In his earlier speech addressing members of the Assembly of Experts, the Leader certified that every “administration or person has their own methods and innovations, and are allowed to practice them in their work.”

As a key player in Iran’s power struggle during the past 34 years, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, or Sepah, has aligned itself well with the Supreme Leader’s directions, and stood up to administrations which fail to follow the Leader’s directions. Besides, the construction projects as well as economic activities run by the Sepah are a powerful lever that can help every administration to materialize their domestic policies; which may be why the President Rowhani addressed Sepah commanders a day before the Leader to ask them to support the administration economically.

With regard to Rowhani’s concerns about acceptance of his “flexible” policies by Sepah commanders, the Supreme Leader called on Sepah top brass to temporarily step out of politics and view the developments from outside.

“Sepah is not required to meddle in political grounds, but guardianship of the Revolution needs precise understanding of realities,” the Leader said on Tuesday.

“The organization that is deemed as the Revolution’s guardian arm cannot be expected to be alien to derivative political currents,” said the Leader, stressing that under the current circumstances Sepah must, of course, identify and counter all adversaries of the Islamic Republic.

The Leader is evidently giving the administration a free hand to remedy the country’s economic and political headache by putting into effect its innovations. Likewise the Leader would be happy see that his strategic decision has helped the administration manage to fulfill its promises and receive a palatable feedback from foreigners. However, if the government fails to get the desired response from the West by being more flexible, just like the Reformist administration of Mohammad Khatami, the Leader’s warnings and pessimism against the US and enemies will be well substantiated. 

“The revolution’s future is glorious for sure, but the time of its happening depends of the performance of the nation and officials. If we are united, integrated and decisive, such a future is soon realized, but if we are infested with indolence, arrogance and other such stuff, that future will be late to come.” Ayatollah Khamenei said to the top commanders of Sepah.

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